MAJOR RIVERS IN JAMAICA

Longest distances: 82 kilometers (51 miles) from east to west; 235 kilometers (146 miles) from north to southern

Land boundaries: None

Coastline: 1,022 kilometers (635 miles)

Territorial sea limits: 22 kilometers (12 nautical miles)


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1 LOCATION AND SIZE

Jamaica is an island also nation situated within the Greater Antilles in the Caribbean Sea. A member of the British Republic, it is located 145 kilometers (90 miles) south of Cuba and 161 kilometers (100 miles) west of Haiti. With an area of 10,990 square kilometers (6,829 square miles), it is the third-biggest island in the Caribbean, and it is slightly smaller than the state of Connectireduced.


2 TERRITORIES AND DEPENDENCIES

Jamaica's offshore regions are the Morant Cays, about 60 kilometers (40 miles) southeastern of Morant h2int, and also the more considerable Pedro Cays, around 96 kilometers (60 miles) south of the southwestern shore.


3 CLIMATE

Jamaica has actually a tropical climate moderated by northeast profession winds. Tright here is little seasonal variation. The average annual temperature varies from 27°C (81°F) on the coastline to 13°C (55°F) in the Blue Mountains. Rainloss arrays from as bit as 75 centimeters (30 inches) in some places on the southern coastline, to 330 centimeters (130 inches) in Port Antonio in the northeast, to 500 centimeters (200 inches) or even more in the Blue Mountains.


4 TOPOGRAPHIC REGIONS

Coastal levels and also valleys fringe an interior plateau that covers most of the island also, extending from eastern to west alengthy its length. The uneven surface of the plateau is damaged by twisting valleys, limerock hills, wide containers, and 2 hill ranges.


5 OCEANS AND SEAS

The Caribbean Sea plunges to good depths not far from the Jamaideserve to coastline. The Bartlett Tstormy, which lies in between Jamaica and Cuba, reaches a depth of 7,010 meters (23,000 feet).


Sea Inlets and Straits

The Jamaica Channel separates Jamaica from Haiti to the east. The Portland Bight, or bay, is situated on the south shore.


Islands and Archipelagos

There are cays (tiny cdental and sand islands) in the Portland also Bight, and a couple of scattered cdental formations in other places also.


Coastal Features

The shoreline is indented by countless harbors, of which the harbor at Kingston is the biggest. On its southerly flank, the Palisadoes Peninsula, an eight-mile-lengthy sand also spit, connects numerous coral islands. The north seaside simple is known for its white-sand beaches.


7 RIVERS AND WATERFALLS

Jamaica's major rivers encompass the Yallahs in the southeast, the Rio Grande in the south-main component of the island, and, in the west, the Black River—Jamaica's longest river and the just one that is navigable for a far-reaching distance (40 kilometers/25 miles). Jamaica's many inland also springs have actually led some to speak to it the Isle of Springs.


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DID YOU KNOW?

Jamaica has actually numerous radioenergetic hot springs. One—the Milk River Bath—is shelp to have actually the greatest level of radiotask in the human being.


9 FLAT AND ROLLING TERRAIN

The narrow northern coastal simple exoften tends practically repetitively from eastern to west. The southerly coastal ordinary is disconstant however a lot more extensive. The city of Kingston lies on the wide Liguanea Plain in the southeast. The Westmoreland also Plain occupies a lot of the western extremity of the island also.

Tbelow are partly drained swamps along the lower course of the Black River and in the vicinity of Morant Point and also South Negril Point.


10 MOUNTAINS AND VOLCANOES

The Blue Mountains extend over the eastern component of the island. Jamaica's primary hill device has two arrays. The northerly one includes Blue Mountain Peak, which rises to 2,256 meters (7,402 feet), the country's greatest elevation. The second range, recognized as the Port Royal Mountains, extends south-eastward from the major variety, getting to elevations of approximately about 1,219 meters (4,000 feet). The John Crow Mountains climb in the excessive northeastern of the island also, between the Rio Grande and also the sea. Vestiges of volcanic task take place in Jamaica in the form of lava cones and also hot springs.


11 CANYONS AND CAVES

The karst landscape of the central plateau has sinkholes, underground caverns and streams, steep hills, and also caves. It is many distinctive in the Cockpit Country, an area of around 518 square kilometers (200 square miles) situated largely in the western parish of Trelawney.


12 PLATEAUS AND MONOLITHS

Elevations on Jamaica's main plateau selection from near sea level to around 914 meters (3,000 feet). Alengthy a lot of the coastline, specifically in the north, the plateau extends nearly to the tidewater, and also in areas it rises in steep seaside cliffs that reach as high as 609 meters (2,000 feet). Much of the plateau is composed of the irconstant limerock terrain well-known as karst.


13 MAN-MADE FEATURES

Tright here are no substantial fabricated features affecting the location of Jamaica.


Books

Baker, Christopher P. Jamaica . second ed. Oakland, CA: Lonely Planet, 2000.

Hurston, Zora Neale. Tell My Horse: Voodoo and Life in Haiti and also Jamaica . San Bernardino, CA: Borgo Press, 1992.

Wilson, Annie. Essential Jamaica . Lincolnlumber, IL: Passport Books, 1996.


Internet Sites

Find Out Jamaica. http://www.discoverjamaica.com/ (accessed April 24, 2003).

Statistical Institute of Jamaica. http://www.statinja.com/ (accessed April 24, 2003).


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