5-2 quiz major milestones

Learning Objective 1Why understanding developmental landmarks is important

The ideal way to monitor children"s advancement is to track their developmental turning points.

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What are developpsychological milestones?

Developmental landmarks are things most children have the right to perform by a certain age.

Skills such as taking an initial step, smiling for the initially time, and also waving “bye-bye” are called developmental turning points. Children reach landmarks in just how they play, learn, sheight, act, and also move. You watch kids reach landmarks every day. Though all kids develop at their own pace, a lot of children reach developmental milestones at or about the very same age.


Developpsychological milestones offer essential hints around a child’s developmental health.

Reaching landmarks at the typical ages shows a son is emerging as supposed. Reaching turning points a lot previously suggests a son may be progressed compared via his or her peers of the exact same age.

Not getting to milestones or getting to them much later on than youngsters the very same age have the right to be the earliest indication that a child might have actually a developmental delay.


Some milestones are especially necessary.

Not getting to those by a certain age is a developpsychological warning authorize or red flag (examples offered in discovering objective 2). Children that don’t reach milestones may need additional assistance and services to reach their complete potential.

Keep in mind that developpsychological progression is not constantly secure. You might check out changes in advancement about necessary life events prefer the birth of a brand-new sibling. By tracking each child’s developmental landmarks over time, you will have a far better expertise of his or her advance and also a far better basis to judge if worry is warranted.

Developpsychological milestones loss right into categories of advance dubbed domains.


This domain is around how youngsters connect with others and show emovement.


Smiling spontaneously, specifically at people


Cooperating via various other children


Showing affection for friends without prompting

Also: Pointing to present an aircraft flying overhead, crying when mom or dad leaves, and also imitating other youngsters.


This doprimary is about just how children expush their demands and also share what they are thinking, and understand also what is shelp to them.


Cooing, babbling


Pointing to display others what she wants


Singing a song from memory such as the “Itsy Bitsy Spider”

Also: Following directions and also speaking so others understand what they’re saying.

Cognitive (learning, thinking, problem-solving):

This domajor is about how kids learn brand-new things and also fix problems. It consists of how kids explore their setting to figure things out – whether by looking at the human being approximately them, placing objects in their mouths, or dropping something to watch it fall. This domajor likewise contains “academic” skills favor counting and also learning letters and also numbers.

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Reaching for a toy with one hand


Exploring things in various methods, choose shaking, banging, throwing


Building towers of at least four blocks

Also: An infant staring at mom’s confront as she leans over his crib.

Movement/Physical Development:

This domain is around just how kids use their bodies. It contains many turning points paleas excitedly wait for.




Catching a bounced ball a lot of of the time


Eating with a spoon

Some developpsychological turning points fit more than one doprimary.

For example:

Playing make-think have the right to be a social/emotional milestone and also a cognitive milestone;Following instructions deserve to be a language/interaction milerock as well as a cognitive milestone; and also Playing peek-a-boo have the right to be a cognitive as well as a social/emotional milestone.

Looking for developpsychological turning points in eexceptionally boy is vital.

The most important reason for security each child’s breakthrough isto identify whether a child’s advance is on track.

Looking for developpsychological landmarks is vital to expertise each child’s development and also actions.

Milestones can aid define a child’s behavior. For instance, if a 1-year-old cries as soon as her dad leaves the classroom in the morning, she is showing a typical 12-month milestone that signifies healthy and balanced advance.



Ms. Carolyn talks around spotting milestones choose dumping and sorting

Learning Objective 2How to recognize developmental milestones

In your job-related caring for and also teaching children, you are in a perfect position to observe the developmental milestones that note how kids play, learn, stop, act, and also relocate alongside others of their age.

Below are some examples of developpsychological landmarks and particularly important warning indicators of possible developpsychological delay for 6, 9, 12, 18, 24 and also 36 months of age.

Keep in mind these are just a few examples for each age. More complete lists and lists for various other periods (2 months-5 years) can be discovered at www.rcfereform.org/Milestones.

Milestones at 6 Months

Social/Emotional - Responds to various other people’s emovements and often seems happyLanguage/Communication - Begins to say consonant sounds (jabbering via “m,” “b”)Cognitive - Begins to pass points from one hand to the otherMovement/Physical - Begins to sit without support
Warning Signs of Possible Developpsychological Delay:Doesn’t laugh or make squealing soundsDoesn’t make vowel sounds (“ah”, “eh”, “oh”)Doesn’t try to gain things that are in reachDoesn’t roll over in either direction

Milestones at 9 Months

Social/Emotional - Clingy through familiar adults; has actually favorite toyLanguage/Communication - Copies gestures; renders the majority of various sounds favor “mamama” and “babababa”Cognitive - Plays peek-a-booMovement/Physical - Pulls to stand; crawls
Warning Signs of Possible Developpsychological Delay:Doesn’t babbleDoesn’t respond to own nameDoesn’t look wbelow you pointDoesn’t seem to identify acquainted people

Milestones at 12 Months

Social/Emotional - Repeats sounds or actions to get attention; is shy or nervous through strangersLanguage/Communication - Says “mama and also “dada;" provides sounds via transforms in toneCognitive - Follows basic directionsMovement/Physical - May stand alone
Warning Signs of Possible Developmental Delay:Doesn’t point to thingsDoesn’t learn gestures prefer wavingDoesn’t say single wordsLoses skills he as soon as had

Milestones at 18 Months

Social/Emotional - Plays basic pretend; explores via parent nearbyLanguage/Communication - Points to points in a book; claims a number of single wordsCognitive - Know exactly how plain things are used; scribblesMovement/Physical - Walks; eats through a spoon
Warning Signs of Possible Developpsychological Delay:Doesn’t suggest to show points to othersDoesn’t alert or mind as soon as caregiver comes or goesDoesn’t gain brand-new words or have actually at leastern 6 wordsCan’t walk

Milestones at 2 Years

Social/Emotional - Plays greatly alongside other children; copies othersLanguage/Communication - Uses 2-4 word sentences; knows names of body partsCognitive - Plays straightforward make-believe; deserve to follow a 2-step instructionMovement/Physical - Kicks a ball; duplicates straight lines and circles
Warning Signs of Possible Developpsychological Delay:Doesn’t follow basic instructionsDoesn’t copy actions and words Doesn’t use 2-word phrasesDoesn’t walk steadily

Milestones at 3 Years

Social/Emotional - Copies adults and friendsLanguage/Communication - Talks well sufficient for strangers to understand also the majority of of the timeCognitive - Does puzzles through 3 or 4 piecesMovement/Physical - Runs conveniently
Warning Signs of Possible Developmental Delay:Doesn’t desire to play via other children or through toysDoesn’t stop in sentencesCan’t work basic playthings (such as peg boards, basic puzzles, turning a handle)Falls dvery own a lot or has actually trouble through stairs

Key Points:

The finest method to monitor children’s advance is to track their developpsychological milestonesDevelopmental turning points are points many kids have the right to perform by a details ageDeveloppsychological milestones sell essential hints about a child’s developmental healthDeveloppsychological landmarks loss right into categories of breakthrough called “domains”

Apply What You"ve Learned

Think of a kid you know that is under the age of 5. Think of just how that son plays, learns, speaks, acts, and also moves. List at least two methods the child has displayed landmarks reached in each of the developpsychological domains.

Use the milerock checklists at www.rcfereform.org/Milestones or download the Milerock Tracker application to help.

Here is an example:

Polly is 2 years old. Here are some of the milestones she has actually displayed me:


Sometimes Polly greets an additional son simply choose I execute. Milestone: Copies others, especially adults and older kids.Sometimes Polly looks right at me and also does what I simply told her not to. Milestone: Shows defiant behavior.


Polly can take her cas much as the trash and also then wash her hands when I say. Milestone: Follows basic instructions. She have the right to name her shoulders, knees, and also toes. Milestone: Knows names of acquainted people and also body components.

Cognitive (thinking, learning, problem-solving):

When we play pat-a-cake, Polly claims most of the rhyme through me. Milestone: Completes sentences and also rhymes in acquainted publications. I’ve watched Polly hold a toy baby bottle as much as her doll’s mouth. Milestone: plays easy make-believe games.

Movement/Physical Development:

She kicks the ball external. Milestone: Kicks a sphere.Polly climbs on the playground devices by herself. Milestone: Climbs onto and also down from furniture without assist.